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The Search for "F S"

Comic Post Card Artist


Crown Publishing Co., St Albans, Herts


During my researches for the Genealogy in Hertfordshire web site I discovered a small and short-lived St Albans Company - Crown Publishing Limited which published a number of comic cards signed "Karaktus."

Karaktus Post Card No 15, Crown Publishing Co., St Albans, Herts, 1909 on beach

As a genealogist I decided to try and track down Karaktus and this has proved to be far harder than I expected, as there were not immediately obvious clues and his identity was unknown to other post card collectors. The trail lead me to the hundreds of cards signed by "F S" and the many companies which published his cards, especially the London View Company Ltd. To do this I set up a working catalogue and with some useful information from Ken Dickinson I have now got a name and career history for Karaktus.

Below you will find an account of the search and how I identified him - and other cards by him under several different names. Alongside is the index to my catalogue - which I am currently reformatting as I believe it will provided a useful reference source for others.

The Search for Karaktus

by Chris Reynolds

Crown Publishing Co, St ALbans, Karaktus 27 - Milkman

One of the 30 different "Karaktus" cards published by the Crown Publishing Co. in early 1909


I have been collecting postcards of Hertfordshire for the Genealogy in Hertfordshire web site  for over 15 years and my searches occasionally turned up distinctive comic cards by "Karaktus." These were published by the Crown Publishing Company of St Albans in late 1908 and early 1909. The above example caught my eye because my great grandfather, Jacob Reynolds, owned one of the biggest dairies in St Albans - and I was hooked. What I liked was the droll humour, the very simple lines, and the minimum of distracting background. As a genealogist  I wanted to know who Karaktus was and I decided to investigate. I soon found the short-lived company published another series of cards, all unsigned, in the "Crown Series." What was unclear was whether one or two artists were at work.

An unsigned comic card published by the Crown Publishing Co. of St Albans in early 1909


Search of St Albans records for the short-lived company were unsuccessful so I scoured ebay to see if I could find other cards in Karaktus's distinctive style, on the assumption that he might have produced postcards for other publishers under another name. One artist seemed to fit - as cards by Syllikuss first appeared in July 1909 in the Victoria series of cards produced by E. R. Green of Blackpool. But Syllikuss cards only appeared for a very short time, there were only a small number of designs, and there were no indications as to who Syllikuss really was. Even if Karaktus and Syllikuss are one and the same I still hadn't tracked down the real name of the artist.

A Syllikuss card published in 1909 by E R Green & Co. of Blackpool


Another search proved more successful as it revealed the initials of a possible artist and literally hundreds of cards. In 1908 a number of cards were published in the "Crown Series" and their style, numbering and date suggested that they were a precursor set to the "Crown Series" produced by the short lived Crown Publishing Co. Unfortunately the signature on some of the cards was only "F. S." so I still did not have a full name.

A Crown Series card (no publisher) signed "F. S." published in 1908.

Versions exist with no signature and a different layout of the text.

In this case the "signature" appears to be typeset.


I soon found cards signed by "F. S." typically printed in sets of six started to appear in June 1906. The unknown artist had produced about 20 sets within a year. Many were published by the London View Company Limited and it was possible that this company acted as a wholesaler acting as the UK agent for a printer in Saxony.  These Saxony printed cards by "F. S." appeared with alternative "publisher" names. During the years 1906/7 "F . S." cards were printed carrying the names of J W Asher & Co, Blum & Degan, J Beagles, Gale & Polden, H Garner, F G Harwood & Co, London View Co Ltd, J Mandel, Morris Singer, Regal Publishing Co and H Vertigen. Fortunately a detailed list of the known "F. S." sets was published in an article in Picture Post Card Monthly in March 2009. However the situation becomes confused from about 1908 with many cards being reprinted - often without a signature or publisher's name, with the last dateable reprint appearing in 1915/6 as being of "Entirely British Manufacture" when earlier versions had been printed in Saxony or Germany.

The earliest  signed "F S" card published by the London View Company Limited, posted June 1906


The PPCM article suggested that "F. S." was Fred. Stone. Stone's cards appeared between 1904 and 1906 depicted nursery rhymes or moral ideas, rather than attempting to be funny and were published by several companies, including Henry Moss, the Davidson Brothers and W. & A. K. Johnston Ltd. Those published by Gale and Polden in the Nelson and Wellington series are of particular interest because the company also published some of the London View Company "F. S," cards in 1907. As can be seen the earliest "F. S." cards used the same human figures on a plain background approach as had been used by Fred Stone.

A Gale & Polden  card by Fred Stone.

An "F. S." comic card from early 1907 showing the Tom Browne type of humour.


It seems likely that the London View Company wanted a range of cards that would rival the popular comic cards of Tom Browne, published by Davidson Bros, or those being published by Miller and Lang in the National Series and Fred Stone had been employed because he had the artistic skills needed to do the job.  The big question was "Which Fred Stone?" as there were many people with that name listed in the 1901 and 1911 censuses - and no obvious candidate.


"F. S." cards in the "I don't think" series appeared with at least 6 different "publisher" names.

A Fred Spurgin Good Luck postcard, signed "F. S." published by Art & Humour Publishing Co.

Normally Spurgin signed his full name, but occasional he used just the initials.

Unfortunately for "F. S." the London View Company Limited failed in August 1907, and I wondered  what happened to a clearly very talented postcard artist. An article "Fred Spurgin's Early postcards" by Ken Dickinson and Ted Marks in in Picture Postcard Annual 2015 suggests that "F. S." reappeared as the very well known artist, Frederick Spurgin, in 1910, and while some detailed stylistic similarities are suggested it is clear that most of Spurgin's cards were aimed at a very different market to the cards produced by "F. S."


If Karaktus was Fred Spurgin I needed to establish a definite link between The Crown Publishing Company, "F. S." and Fred Spurgin. This meant I needed to know what happened between 1907 and 1910, when the signature "Fred Spurgin" started to appear on a large number of different postcards,

The clue came from published details of two auctions, kindly brought to my attention by Ken Dickinson. The first was the sales of what must have been the contents of Fred Spurgin's studio and included postcards, associated drawings and paintings, and artist's materials. This was held at the Middlesex Collectors Centre in two sessions in September and October 1979. Most of the lots related to material after 1910 or was not directly related to Spurgin's postcard work. While no details were given of the individual cards two "Miscellany" lots listed the companies that published them. 

Several of the companies are of particular interest as they must refer to postcards printed before 1910 which would not have been signed "Fred Spurgin.". Henry Moss (H. M. &  Co) published early Fred Stone cards and went out of business in 1905. The London View Company Ltd published many cards signed "F. S." in 1906 and 1907 - including some for M. Ettlinger & Co..  H. Vertigen & Co. (mentioned in another lot) published both "F. S" cards and other unsigned cards in the "F. S. style, around 1906-9. The Crown Publishing Company was only active for a short time in 1908/9 and included cards by Karaktus.  All the other companies mentioned possibly relate to cards published by Spurgin no earlier than 1910.

Ken Dickinson also drew my attention to online details of Lot 865, Sworders Fine Art Auctions, 29 November, 2011. This consisted of Spurgin cards which included one distinctive card by Karaktus. An examination of the image suggests that many of the cards were pre-publication proofs which the artist could return, adding the text as required. The Karaktus "preprint" does not have the signature and the text is differently spaced on the card from how it was eventually published.


These auction details support the idea that Karaktus was Fred Spurgin, who was the sole artist with the Crown Publishing Company in St Albans and it is possible to trace Spurgin's activities year by year until he started publishing under his own name in 1910.

A Typical "F. S." card published by the London View Company in the first half of 1906

One of the unsigned cards produced by A. Q Southwick of New York, copyright 1908


Having sold a number of sets in the 1904 to 1906 period to firms such as Henry Moss and Gale & Polden, Spurgin started producing a large number of cards in the general style of Tom Browne, of Davidson Brothers, for the London View Company Ltd starting in the summer of 1906. By the time the London View Company went bankrupt in August 1907 Fred Spurgin was probably producing a set a week and there must have been a number of further unpublished sets at various stages in the design process. So what happened to them?

An unsigned "F. S." card published in both the UK and USA in about 1908. The USA cards were reworded "Mistakes will happen"


Spurgin quickly found a new market as four sets "Advice to ladies / young men about to be married," "Who said liar", "Mistakes will occur" and "Take a friend's advice" appear in the UK and the USA late in 1907 or early 1908. In several cases the text was altered to suit the U.S. market.


In addition four unsigned sets, possibly by "F S," appeared only in the USA, by A. Q. Southwick. of New York, copyrighted 1908. The Saucy Little Bird set relates to "The Bird on Nellie's Hat," an American music hall song written by Arthur J. Lamb & Alfred Solman and published in 1907.  The other American sets were "No Wedding Bells for me" (another music hall song), "Dear Wifey" and "Dear Hubby."

From the Fleas set in the "F. S." style published by H. Vertigen


In addition Spurgin appears to have continued to work with some of the companies which had "published" his earlier cards when the London View Company Ltd was operation. For instance H Vertigen & Co published many unsigned cards in the "F, S." style in 1908/9, some using the same Saxony publisher. The cards included "The British Workman" set - although in many cases the date of first publication is uncertain.

This card, from the "Crown Series" of late 1908, may be part of an incomplete "Hints on Dress" set.


Meanwhile an odd assortment of "F. S." style cards, with or without the signature, were being publisher in the "Crown Series," and may represent some of the unfinished work when the London View Company closed down. Some of the cards that had been published in the United States were also included This was followed almost immediately by similar unsigned cards published by the Crown Publishing Company of St Albans, and presumably also drafted by Spurgin.

Karaktus Post Card No 29, Crown Publishing Co., St Albans, Herts, 1909

A Karaktus card, published by the Crown Publishing Company, based on a contemporary song.


A total of 30 different Karaktus cards were published by the Crown Publishing Company between October 1908 and March 1909, and very much look as if they were a deliberate attempt to develop a new style. Several of the later Karaktus cards were linked to current music hall songs. Unfortunately for Spurgin the company appears to have closed down after a few months but some of the crown series cards, together with some of the other "F S" cards from the 1906/7 period ended up being reprinted, without signature or publisher names. This continued, at a diminishing rate until the outbreak of war - although one "F S" card was produced on an "Entirely British Manufacture" card in 1916. This raises the question of what Fred Spurgin did after the St Albans company closed.

This Syllikuss card relates to the music hall song "The Bird on Nellie's HatThe clear people images, with a blank background, links back to early F. Stone cards and many by Karaktus


About three months after the last Karaktus card was published a "new" artist using the name Syllikuss started producing a similar innovative style of card for E. R. Green & Co. of Blackpool. While there is currently no independent documentary evidence, the timing and style suggest that Spurgin was taking his Karaktus experiment a stage further. As far as I can determine all the Syllikuss cards were published in the summer of 1909 and were never reprinted.

An Inspiration, signed Frederick Spurgin, published in 1910 by McGlennon.


By 1910 Spurgin had been trying out other styles, signed with his own name. The card "An Inspiration." with its seascape and fancy border, may look very different to his earlier works, but consider just the figures and the rock and it could easily be one of the Fred Stone cards from about 1905.



A Spurgin card published in the Paternoster Series by Avenue Publishing Co.


The card "You do swank in your new cloths"  also reflected much of the simplicity of the design of the earliest cards, but with a woman in rags posing as if she was wearing the most elegant clothes, This card is in the "Paternoster" series, published in 1910 by the Avenue Publishing Co, - which published many of Spurgin's cards in the coming years.


"We are in a strongly fortified position." - A First World War card with children signed Fredk Spurgin

In 1911 the Inter-Art Co., which was formed in 1909, was publishing similar cards with well-dressed figures in the "Harem" series - and this provided an opening for many more of Spurgin's cards, including "We are in a strongly fortified position." After 1911 Spurgin produced a very large number of cards with children and they feature in many of the cards that he produced during the First World War.

A Spurgin jigsaw puzzle published by Tuck


In 1915 Fred Spurgin's brother Maurice founded the Art & Humour Publishing Company, and Fred became the major artist for this successful company.


Red Riding Hood - one of Spurgin's many books for children.

In fact Fred Spurgin also produced postcards for other companies, greetings cards and children's books. He worked as a commercial artist for the Rothman tobacco company, adverts for products such as Bovril and Andrews Liver Salts, and theatrical posters. He continue working until his death at the age of 86, in 1966.


Clearly the "unknown" artist who produced the Karaktus postcards in St Albans has proved to be a very accomplished artist with a good understanding of the market place.

The Adventures of Lavinia Fitz-Aubyn

Illustration in The Sphere, 1940



An F Spurgin Birthday card




This catalogue was drawn up before I knew who Karaktus was. It needs reformation, and some notes need correcting.


Who was "FS"

The Summer Girl (possible link with F Stone)

The Milkman

It is very Breezy (card with complex history)

A possible "Red Herring" at Blackpool

Round faced children cards

"F S" cards in the PPCM

"F S" cards on ebay


F S groupings

Early Saxony

F S Comic Series

F S with LVC logo

To be classified


Draft List of Sets

Advice to ... about to get married - Signed "F S"

Advice to Fellows at the Seaside - Signed "F S"

Advice to Girls at the Seaside - Signed "F S"

Advice to Men in Love - Probably "F S"

Affinity - Possibly "F S"

At Last - Alone - Similar to "F S"

Barmaids - Signed "F S"

Be Good - Signed "F S"

Birthday Greetings - Signed "F S"

Breach of Promise Series - Unsigned "F S"

British Workman - Might be "F S"?

Burlesque Series

[Photos comic cards]

Crown Series (0)

Signed "F S"

Crown Series (1) - Signed "F S"

Crown Series (2) - Probably "F S"

Crown Series (3) - Probably "F S"

Crown Series (Other)

Not "F S"

Dear Hubby - Probably "F S"

Dear Wifey - Probably "F S"

Divorce - Signed "F S"

Do it Now! - Signed "Geo Davey

Down Here - Signed  "F S"

Drink - Signed "F S"

Every Picture tells a story - Signed "F S"

Father is a Handy Man - Perhaps "F S"

Fire - Signed "F S"

Fleas - Perhaps "F S"

Girls I didn't Marry - Similar to "F S"

Harem - [Fred Spurgin]

He Would if He Could - Signed "F S"

Hints on Dress - Signed "F S"

Honeymoon - Signed "F S"

Housemaids - Signed "F S"

I Don't Think - Signed "F S"

Infantastic Series (probably F Spurgin)

Jobs - Signed "F S"

Kilts (possible "F S" set)

Kiss me under the Misletoe - Signed "F S"

 Moonlight Romance

Kute Kiddies

Leap Year: No Wedding Bells for Me - Probably "F S"

Little Modes - LVC photo series

Lucky - Signed "F S"

Milton Series - "F S"

Mistakes Will Occur - "F S"

Mother's Trials - Perhaps "F S"

Nxx Series (USA) - Multiple sets

New Leaf - Signed "F S"

Not a Word to the Wife - Signed "F S"

Novelty Pullout - Signed "F S"

Oh! Did He - Signed "F S"

On the Cliffs - Similar to "F S"

Our Navy - Similar to "F S"

Pa's Holiday at Brighton - Signed "F S"

Pa's Holiday at Hastings - Signed "F S"

Pa's Holiday at Southend - Signed "F S"

Paternoster Series- Signed "F Spurgin" Policeman Comics - Similar to "F S"

Popular Series - Multiple Sets

Post - Signed "F S"

Puzzle - Signed "F S"

Sailor Jack - Signed "F S"

Satire Series - Signed "Dauber"

Saucy Little BirdProbably "F S"

Scottish Series

Seaside (1906) - Signed "F S"

Selwell Series - Multiple Sets

Soldiers - Signed "F S" 

Shop & Office Workers  - Signed "F S" 

Song Titles Illustrated - Perhaps "F S"

Spring Cleaning - Similar to "F S"

Start Off Series - Probably Fred Stone

Take a Friend's Advice - Signed "F S"

The General Possibly"F S"

The Law - Signed "F S"

The Motorist.s Trials

Possibly "F S"

The Pleasure of Cycling- Signed "F S"

The Pleasures of Motoring Possibly"F S"

The Summer Girl - Signed "F S"

The Typist by "F V P"

Tommy - Signed "F S"

Try and Forget It - Signed "F S"

Turkish - Signed "F S"

Victoria Series - Signed "Syllikuss"

Watford Series

When at the Seaside - Signed "F S"

When you wish - Signed "F S"

Where there is a Woman - Signed "F S"

Who said Liar - Signed "F S"

Xmas Cards with Border - Signed "F S"

Xmas Cards with Holly Box - Signed "F S"

Xmas cards Signed "Dauber"


Unidentified Sets - Signed "F S"

Could these be by "F S"?


Your help in improving this resource is always welcome.

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Draft List of Publishers

A R & Co "F Spurgin"

Ajelli "F Spurgin"

Alphalsa "F Spurgin"

Argal "F S"

Art & Humour "F Spurgin"

Asher "F S""F Spurgin"

Avenue Publishing "F Spurgin"

Bamforth "F Spurgin"

Beagles "F S"

[Bee Logo]  "F S

Blum & Degan "F S"

Brighton View Co


Crown Publishing Ltd "F S"

D G "F Spurgin"

Davidson Bros  "F Stone"

Delittle, Fenwick & Co Ltd

East London Publishing "F S"

Ettlinger "F S"

Gale & Polden "F S"

Garner "F S"

Green  "Syllikuss"

"Green Back"


E J Hey "F Spurgin"

Hudson Brothers "F S"?

Inter-Art   "F Spurgin"

W & A K Johnston Ltd  "F Stone"

Klio Post Card Co

London View Co Ltd "F S"

Mandel "F S"

McGlennon "F Spurgin"

Mitchell & Watkins


Moore & Dewdney

Henry Moss "F Stone"

Philco Publishing Co "F S"?

Rapid Photo Printing Co Ltd

Regentl Publishing Co "F S"

S & M, New York "F S"

Shamrock "F Spurgin"

Morris Singer "F S"

A Q Southwick "F S"


Souvenier Post Card Co "F S"

A & G Taylor

Raphael Tuck "F Spurgin"

Valentine "F S"??

Vertigen "F S"

Watkins "F S"

Watkins & Kracke "F Spurgin"

Watkins & McCombie

Wildt & Kray "F Spurgin"

Woolstone Bros "F S"


Cards by back

Currently being restructured

Back Master List


Inland Views

Early Logo

LVC Copyright


Early Saxony

Saxony Name A


Inland Postage

Inland Germany


Late Saxony

Writing Saxony

Writing NY

USA Curl


Series 100x

Crown Series

Crown Logo



Lined Address


Series 309x

Series 637x


Entirely British


Draft Back Index

Early Saxony Group

(Late 1906-early 1907)


Shield Logos

Late Saxony

Writing Space

Lined Address

Number (Serriff)

Number (other)


Selected Artists




Geo. Davey



F V P??













LVC View Cards




Southend on Sea




LVC Xmas Cards


LVC Other Cards

Little Modes

Old Master Series -

Platino Series

Xmas Cards

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